Website Tracking and Reporting Issues – Campaign Attributions

In our experience, measurement, collection and reporting of website data are usually not a well-defined piece of a marketing plan for many businesses. One such area where marketers often struggle with Google Analytics (GA) reports is related to campaign attribution.

Due to technicalities and nature of the internet, it is not straightforward to know the details of all inbound links to your site. However, appending inbound URLs with parameter/value pairs helps assemble the additional information.

The following simplified example illustrates how to reclaim some valuable data by including GA campaign related parameter/value pairs in links inside emails, banners, social media, etc and get meaningful insights utilizing various reports.

Often easy to remember URLs are used in print and banner ads. Take the following custom or vanity URL as an example: http://www.yourdomain.com/short_name

Let’s say this URL redirects visitors to the destination page as follows. http://www.yourdomain.com/pagename

In doing so, the action is recorded as a direct visit to the ‘/pagename’ and crucial campaign related information is not gathered. To assign proper campaign credits, append the destination URL link to pass the relevant values as shown below:

The sample table below shows one of many ways of labeling tags for various campaign URLs. Google’s URL Builder is also a good resource for creating links with campaign parameters.

Other links inside marketing pieces like emails, social media posts, etc. can use a similar approach with URL shorteners like bit.ly, goo.gl etc. When using Google’s URL shortener, the above long URL converts into a short one like: http://goo.gl/sz79i

Using a combination of utm_content parameter along with shortened URL provides an additional layer of granularity for individual marketing pieces. Parameter values passed in the URL are then available in various GA reports drop-down through options, as shown in the image below.


The tagged URLs simplify reporting on digital signals and help optimize marketing campaigns.

Initially there will be challenges in implementing the link tracking. Here are few suggestions that will help keep the process relatively smooth.

  1. Integrate tracking into campaign planning.
  2. Keep everyone on the same page by creating and sharing link tracking guidelines and related documents.
  3. Tap into all available resources and develop close coordination between marketing creativity, technological talent and analytical discipline for meaningful data collection.

Remember, a methodical and collaborative approach will reduce inconsistencies surrounding online data acquisition and repay in expansive reports capable of lending deeper understanding.